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Wadiso is a comprehensive application for the analysis and optimal design of water distribution systems. The program performs steady state and time simulation analysis including water quality analysis, and allows the optimizing of pipe sizes for planning purposes.

Wadiso offers some unique features, superior to other available water distribution system modelling software. Browse information on some of these features, download a fully functional evaluation version, or purchase a license right away.

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Wadiso is a comprehensive computer program for the analysis and optimal design of water distribution networks. The program originated from the WADISO public domain model developed by Prof. Johannes Gessler of Colorado State University for the Army Corps of Engineers. Dr Erik Loubser, studying under the mentorship of Prof. Gessler, assisted with the development of a unique system design optimization module of the program. Subsequently a programming team employed by GLS Software (Pty) Ltd., the South African based software development company responsible for development and support of Wadiso in South Africa, substantially improved the basic Wadiso with regard to user friendliness and speed as well as interfacing with other application software such as water quality analysis, CAD, GIS and management programs. The improved Wadiso was subsequently referred to as WADISO SA. During more recent years Wadiso was then taken to a new level by the development of a full 32 bit Windows version. The latest edition is named Wadiso as the name is now a registered trade mark in South Africa. In the latest edition, the hydraulic model lives in the custom-developed Albion GIS platform. The following is an overview of the key features of Wadiso. The program integrates steady state simulation, time simulation, water quality analysis and optimization with GIS-centric graphical displays of data and results into a single, most valuable tool for water engineers.

The latest version of Wadiso, offers four modules for the modelling and analysis of a distribution system. Wadiso includes a seamless interface to the public domain EPANet program module for all modelling aspects and Wadiso hydraulic model lives inside the Albion GIS platform

  • Steady State Analysis Module: This is the basic module which allows for the input and editing of system data and parameters, and which calculates the flow and pressure distribution in the system under specific "snapshot" steady state conditions. Full GIS-centric graphical display of flows, pressures, etc. is available.
  • Extended Period Simulation Module: This module allows for modelling of diurnal fluctuations in water demand, and controls of pumps, valves, etc. in order to monitor system performance (e.g. tank level fluctuations, pumping cycles, pressure variations) over an extended period of time.
  • Optimization Module: This unique module allows for the determination of future improvement needs, with the objective being to minimize capital expenditure while adhering to specified operational criteria.
  • Water Quality Modelling. The embedded EPANet program module provides an array of water quality modelling features accessible from Wadiso.

Wadiso has been well documented in the literature. Some examples in this regard are:

  • Gessler (1984) produces a new benchmark optimum solution with WADISO for the New York Aqueduct Tunnels problem.
  • Gessler and WADISO (1985) wins the "Battle of the Network Models" at an ASCE conference in Buffalo NY, producing the most cost-effective solution to the "Anytown, USA" benchmark problem.
  • Loubser, B.F. (1987), after extending WADISO to include storage costs in the optimization technique, improves the "Anytown, USA" benchmark previously set in Buffalo.
  • Sinske, A.N. (1993) rewrites the WADISO tank optimization algorithm to take account of sparse matrix techniques.
  • Raad DN, Sinske AN, Van Vuuren JH. (2008) designs evolutionary optimization algorithms for water distribution system design optimization.

Wadiso has been used for distribution system analysis and planning by GLS Consulting and other consultants in more than 100 major applications. Some of the more significant projects are:

Large to medium sized cities for which the distribution systems were modelled in detail, with inclusion of the smallest diameters distribution pipes, are as follows:

  • City of Ekurhuleni (Gauteng, South Africa) - total of 600 000 stands serviced
  • City of Tshwane (Pretoria, South Africa) (Bulk and reticulation) - total of 650 000 stands serviced
  • City of Cape Town (South Africa) (Bulk and reticulation of most cities) - total of 650 000 stands serviced
  • City of Johannesburg (South Africa) (Bulk and reticulation of most cities) - total of 800 000 stands serviced
  • Local municipalities of the Western Cape, South Africa (Bulk and reticulation of most towns)
  • Windhoek, Namibia (Bulk and reticulation) - total of 100 000 stands serviced
  • Maseru, Lesotho
  • Blantyre, Malawi
  • Novokuznesk, Russia
  • Vernon, B.C., Canada
  • Iloilo, Philippines
  • Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Vinh, Vietnam
  • Göktürk, Turkey
  • If you have modelled an interesting place using Wadiso we would love to hear from you! Please contact us.

In all the above cases, the existing system and existing demands were modelled and analyzed, prior to an extension of the model to represent future scenarios. The optimization module of Wadiso was typically subsequently used to establish an economically optimal master plan for existing and future improvement needs of each system.

Studies where the extended period time simulation module of Wadiso was used in particular, with a view to optimization of the operation of a bulk distribution system are as follows:

City of Tshwane: 850 km pipes, 98 tanks, 45 pumping stations, Average Daily Demand of 510 Ml/d.
City of Cape Town: 630 km pipes, 63 tanks, 19 pumping stations, Average Daily Demand of 860 ML/d.

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